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Sights
Trips

Here you will find some selected daytrips in Lesvos.

North

Having as starting-point Kalloni’s town, as we drive at the north-eastern the road guides us to the mountainous villages of Stipsi and L

aphiona and as we follow the road northwards - through a greenish forest of pine trees - we reach the fantastic area of Petra. It’s a fantastic village beside the sea, build around a rock, on the top of which the Byzantine church of Panayia Glyckofilloussa is built. It’s one of the most significant Lesbian tourism resorts, full of life during summer. From there the road southwards guides us to the sea-shore of Anaxos while a secondary road at the north-eastern ends up to the equally picturesque village of Petri.

The main road at the northern ends up to Molyvo or Mythimna, probably the most significant tourism resort of the island, as it is one of the most well-preserved medieval settlements of the Mediterranean, built beside the sea. The road towards the medieval castle of Molyvos guides us to the fantastic sea-shore of Eftalou. Lastly another secondary road at the north-eastern ends up to the mountainous and green village of Vafeos, built on the slopes of Mt Lepetymnos.

West

Our starting-point is going to be the small town of Kalloni. This time we drive north-westwards, through the northern exit of Kalloni. Firstly we meet the village of Daphea and afterwards at the western the Byzantine and active Monastery of Lemonas, built in a unique bare landscape.

The main road as we go uphill guides us to small picturesque villages : Filia, Skoutaros, Anemotia, Skalochori and the Byzantine Monastery of Perivolis.

Driving uphill, we pass beside the village of Vatoussa linked with the picturesque villages of Pteroundas, Chidira and Revma, while ending up at the small town of Antissa, with roots lost in ancient times and a rich cultural tradition till today. The nearest beaches of the wider area is Gavathas at the northern - an endless sandy beach - and Lapsarna at the eastern. From Antissa the main road at the eastern ends up to Sigri or at the southern to Eressos.

As we drive eastwards, firstly we meet the Byzantine Monastery of Ipsilo and afterwards the world-widely known Fossilized Forest, a unique natural monument created by the area’s intense volcanic activity, million of years ago. The area is well organized for the visitor with the modern Museum of Natural History and the Geological Park.

Sigri is a picturesque village built beside the sea, full of ruins belonging to the medieval an Ottoman’s times. The main road southwards through a rocky and bare landscape guides us to the Byzantine Monastery of Pythari and lastly to Eressos. It’s an ancient town situated in a fertile landscape with significant archaeological ruins from all the historical periods.

Skala Eressos -beside Aegean Sea - is famous about its crystal clear sea water and its endless sandy beach, being one of the most significant Lesbian tourism resorts too. The road from there guides us to the mountainous village Messotopos and from there a secondary road ends up to the beach of Tavari.

As we drive eastwards we visit the mountainous village of Agra and from there a secondary road ends up to the sites Makara and Apothika, beside the sea, where we see ruins of ancient times too. The main road - beside the sea ( coasts of Kallonis Gulf ) guides us to the village of Parakila and afterwards back to Skala Kallonis and Kallonis town.

Central

As we follow the main road from the western exit of Mytilini, we meet the village Lampou Myli at the 16th Km, built on the feet of a green forest of pine and fir trees.

At the end of the forest eastwards a secondary road guides to the ancient temple of Messon and generally the landscape changes in color natural beauty : an endless olive groove spreads eastwards while at the western the endless blue of Kallonis Gulf and the white color of the salt-pits consist the homonymous wetland of Kalloni.

As we reach the main crossroad the way eastwards leads us to the picturesque small town of Ayia Paraskevi - where ancient customs still revive till today like the sacrifice of the bull -. Driving at the eastern of the town we can visit the mountainous villages of Napi and ruins of ancient and the post-Christianic period spread at the surrounding area. Driving back at the main crossroad the motorway leads us to the village of Arisvi, suburb of the small town Kalloni.

Kalloni is the main road-junction of the island as it connects the southern and eastern parts of the island. It’s a commercial center with roots lost in ancient times, full of economic and cultural activities. Around the area, we can visit the picturesque villages of Ariana, Papiana, Kerami and end up to Skala Kallonis with a wonderful sandy beach, where we can swim and enjoy fresh sea-food at the taverns. At a small distance, northwards we find the Byzantine monastery of Panayia Myrsiniotissa built in a fantastic green scenery.

East

We start our tour from the main road of the old harbor, Epano Skala. There we can admire the Medieval Castle of Mytilini and the old breakwater in the background, called “Koukos”, the statue of the Asia Minor Mother with the small square and the playground. After we have passed the industrial zone, the road continues beside the sea.

The first village we meet is Panayiouda - a fishers’ village - but if we follow the road at the western we approach the village of Moria, where the Roman Aqueduct is. As we drive at the western we meet a small rural village, Aphalonas, but if we go at the northern on the main road we will approach Pamphila. Always orientated towards the North, we meet the area of Thermi, that consists of three parts : Pyrgi Thermis, Paralia Thermis ( beach ) and the Loutropolis picturesque places spread with ancient an Roman ruins.

Going uphill at the eastern, a secondary road guides us to the picturesque rural villages of Piyi and Komi or even higher to the Monastery of Saint Raphael. Returning to the main road at the beach of Thermi, on our left we meet the church of Ayios Georgios inside pine-trees while on the right the sea is expecting us.

The main road guides us to the coast area of Petalidi- a fantastic sandy beach - to the village of Mystegna and to the coastal area of Skala Mystegnon. The road continues parallel to the coasts while a secondary road at the eastern guides us firstly to the beach of Aspropotamos and afterwards to the preserved settlement of Tsoukalades ( potters ) or of Ayios Stefanos. It is a picturesque coastal area and the islets of Tokmakia complete the scenery.

The main road after a distance of 6.5 Km ends up to the small town of Mantamados, a town that keeps the Lesbian tradition and with intense religious feeling. There we can visit the Monastery of Archangel Michael and at a distance of 7Km at the eastern, we can enjoy the wonderful beach Tsakmakia. From the town of Mantamados the road continue at the northern. Firstly we meet the rural village of Kapi while a secondary road guides us to the beach of Limani. At the eastern we meet the picturesque villages of Pelopi and Ipsilometopo. If we continue at the northern we will approach the village of Kleo. Form there a secondary road brings us to the beach of Tsonia.

From the village of Kleo the road at the northeastern ends up to the picturesque village of Sykaminea, while from there and at a distance of 2.5Km we reach the beach of Skala Sykamineas where the church of Panayia the Gorgona (Virgin Mary the Mermaid ) is. We have to mention that another fantastic beach of the area is the site “Ammoudeli”, while the main road at the eastern ends up to the rural villages of Lepetymnos and Argenos.

South

It includes the geographical area limited by the western coasts of Geras Gulf and the eastern of Kallonis Gulf. Again our starting point is the town of Mytilini, but we choose the eastern exit. The first villages we meet at the western are Alyphanta, Pyrgi and Kedro. As we return to the main road we continue driving parallel to the coasts of Geras Gulf. The scenery is fantastic as it combines the silver - green color of the olive groves and the light blue of the calm sea water.

Characteristic are the Hot Springs and the Bathhouse of “Therma Geras”, built beside the coast. As the road continues parallel to the coasts the first inhabited place we meet at the eastern is the village of Ntipi. There the visitor is impressed by the industrial buildings ( built in the 18th and 19th century ) indicative of the economic welfare of the area in the past. As we descend parallel to the western coasts of Geras Gulf we meet villages and coastal settlements : Pigadakia, Kato Tritos, Mychou, Paleokipos, Plakados, Perama. The main road after Plakados guides us to the village of Papado, while in a short distance from there we meet the picturesque villages of Mesagro and Skopelo. The main road from Papados rises slightly.

The first road-junction at the southern ends up to the beach of Tarti, while the main road to Plomari brings us to the small villages of Trigona and Playia. Afterwards the travelogue continues through a pine-clad area at the southern. The first secondary road at the southern guides us to the fantastic beach of Ayios Isodoros. Finally the main road at the western ends up to the small town of Plomari with a plethora of traditional elements and a fantastic beach too.

At a distance of 10Km if we go uphill we can visit the villages of Megalochori and Paleochori. At the western of the area we find the beach of Melinda

and if we return to Paleochori anf follow the secondary road at the Northeastern we will meet the villages Akrassi and Drota. The road at the southern of Drota guides us to the fantastic beach of Panayia Kryfti.

As we return to the village of Akrassi we continue our travelogue at the North. The right crossroad at the southern guides us to the small villages of Ampeliko, Stavro and Kato Stavro, until we reach the coastal area of Vatera. There we find one of the longest and most beautiful sandy beaches ( 8Km) of Greece and the equally picturesque beach of Ayios Phockas. Our travelogue continues at the Northern. The first village we meet is Vrissa and as we go on the main road we pass by the Hot Springs of Polichnitos and finally we reach the small town of Polichnitos.

At a distance of 4Km at the Northwestern the road ends up to the coastal area of Skala Polichnitou while the same road at the western ends up a the coastal area of Nyphida, an equally fantastic place for swimming. As we return to Polichnitos and follow the main road at the eastern we approach the village of Lisvori, while a secondary road will guide us at the Hot Springs of Lisvori, a the fishers village Skamoudi and finally at the salt-pits of the area. Having as starting-point the village of Lisvori, the main road will lead us to the village of Vassilika.

We have to notice here that between Vassilika and Polichnitos, there is the interesting Monastery Damandriou. As we follow the main road from Vassilika at the Northwestern we approach the area of Achladeri, a place full of natural beauty and which combines rich vegetation, crystal sea water and ruins of the antiquity.

As we return at the Southern main road and going on at the Eastern the landscape changes : the vegetation becomes denser, the road is rising : we are going uphill on the slopes of Mt Olympus. Firstly we meet the springs of Tsingos -natural mineral water - and then the road at the southern guides us to the picturesque small town of Ayiassos. It is built amphitheatrically on the slopes of Mt Olympus and even still today the tradition is alive. Cell of Ayiassos is the Church of Panayia Vrefokratoussa (Virgin Mary and the Holy Child ) while the wider area is full of small churches inside a fantastic scenery of plane and chestnut- trees and abundant water. As we go downhill we meet the idyllic site of Karini. Afterwards a secondary road at the southeastern will guide us to the picturesque village of Assomatos. As we follow the main road downhill, we can visit the villages of Keramia, Ippios, Sykounda and the site of Ayioi Anargyri.

 
Waterlands

Evergetoula's

Evergetoula's area is also of great ecological significance. The particular water land is formed from the homonymous river ( Evergetoulas ) and Dipi's marsh. This water land gives shelter to rich fauna while some of them have been characterized as rare. The water of the river forms small lakes of natural beauty and the entire site's protection could be incorporated in the environmental program NATURA 2000.


Polychnitos

One of the most impressive areas of Lesvos island is Polychnitos at the northeastern side of Kallonis Bay, which consists one significant water land. Over 100 species of birds have been registered and we can say that it is a real museum of natural history for biologists and amateur observers.

The observation is possible all around the year and especially during spring as the birds' arrival is massive : herons, flamingo, white stork, curlew, swans etc.

Also the land of Polichnitos area is a significant part of this natural park : turtles, foxes, snakes, bats find shelter there. The most impressive mammal of Lesvos is found here : the squirrel "Sciurus Anomalus" ( not the common ) existing only there.

Except from the rich fauna the flora is significant too : oak trees, wild olive trees, wild roses, fig and apple trees, and numerous herbs compose this magic natural environment.


Kallonis Gulf

The Wetland of Kallonis Gulf is one of the most significant parts of the ecologic assets of Lesvos. The coastal areas that stretch perimetrically to Kallonis Gulf consist a unified ecologic system, as this area is consisted of a mosaic of salt-pits, small rivers and torrents estuaries, reedy-areas, pine-trees woods and olive groves.

So all these wetlands give natural shelter and become proper place for reproduction to numerous rare and protected species of birds. Particularly the wetland includes the whole coastal area of the Gulf and a great number of terrestrial areas :

The salt-pits of Kallonis and Polichnitos, the torrents Tsikneas, Vouvaris, Mylopotamos, Enea Kamares, Potamea, the lagoon of Meson, the marsh of Skala Kallonbis, of Parakela, Nyphidas etc. The area has been placed among the European Program "Special Areas of Nature's Preservation" of the net NATURA 2000.

At present 134 species of birds have been registered- the 66 are migratory without having included the particular species of the neighboring terrestrial ecosystems.

The last years, the activity of bird-watching at the particular wetland has flourished. The best season for this activity is in spring or in autumn. It is an activity adored by many visitors-naturists -number that is going to increase as a relative program of development is going to establish to the area all the necessary amenities ( installation of organized observatories, establishment of Environmental Information Center etc ). Species like stone curlew, avocet, black-headed bunting, white and black stork, pink flamigos, slag, littleEgret, gray heron, ruddy shelduk, bee-eater, ect.

Among others, the particular area has an extremely rich flora so as a conclusion we can say that the wetland of Kallonis Gulf does not only contribute in offering shelter to various species of birds, but also in the preservation of the area's bio-diversity.

At last, we can say that the Wetland except from the ecologic and economic significance has an aesthetic significance too.


Eressos

At the area of Eressos there's a water land with turtles and a great variety of rare species of birds, significant subject for observation or scientific study during all the seasons of the year.








 
The Ancient theatre


The ancient theatre is situated at the suburb of Agia Kyriaki. Today, the visitor can see the monument at the last period of its construction, which dates back to the Post-Roman years.

The shape of the orchestra is circular, with a diameter of 24.20 meters. Above the orchestra there is a concave surface specially transformed for the audience. This concave surface, which was covered by a wall made of marble, is totally destroyed. Three corridors divide the stage. In the middle there was found a constructed drain so as the waters of the rain can flow away. In the west side of the orchestra, there are two rooms carved on the rock of the concave surface.

The discovery of the theater seats and other architectural parts of the theater prove that the first period of the Theater's construction dates back to the early Hellenistic era. These founds had been discovered either on the spot or had been used for the construction of the Castle of Mytilini. During the Post-Roman era, the Theater had been reconstructed. It is believed that at the concave surface, having the shape of petal, 10.000 spectators could watch the spectacle. As far as the acoustics of the Theater are concerned, this one is considered similar with the Theater of Epidaurus.

Ploutarchos, in his manuscript, "The Pompiios' s life" (Pompiios, 42), has preserved the information that the Roman general admired the Theater of Mytilini and made a copy of it, which he used for the construction of Rome's Theater in 55 p. C. During 1968, the antiquities' curator, B. Petrakos proceeded to the erection of the orchestra' s circular wall, as well as to the restoration of the two rooms, in the west side of the orchestra. The Τheater is officially declared archaeological site (at the beginning by the ministerial decision 33746/1924/11.4.60, ΦΕΚ 199/Β΄/11.5.60, and later it was included in the declaration of the town of Mytilini as an archaeological site). The first excavation research took place in 1928 by the Dimitrio Evangelidi, who, in 1958, repeated the research mostly there, where the orchestra and the stage were situated. He also proceeded to the cleaning of the theater' s area and made a plan of it, in 1967.

 
The Mineralwater springs

The minreralwater springs are a great gift from the nature to Lesvos. They are scatterd on the whole island and a proof for the old volcanic activity of the area. Since ancient times Lesvos is famous for his mineral chlorine-sodium waters in different temperatures. Today they attract a great amount of visitors from around the world. In Agiassos, Lisvori, Thermi, Loutra, Eftalou and Argenos are many mineral water springs. Today the most springs are open for the public with a very good tourist infrastructure.

The many green places because of the springs and the many springs along the beautiful coastline makes Lesvos to one of the nicest therapy places of the Mediterranean.

 
The Fossil Forest


About 15 millions years ago Lesvos was covered by tropical and subtropical forests, a unique characteristic both for Greece and the Mediterranean. This special vegetation was due to the great water resources that the island had and continues to have till today, but mainly to the active volcanoes that existed under the ground. This tropical forests with the gigantic trees were suddenly covered by lava and volcanic ash, following an intense volcanic activity.

The water running through these volcanic grounds for thousands of years crystallised the trunks of the trees. The stone trunks preserved till today, at an area of 150.000 acres on the north-west side of the island, are mainly comprised of quartz and opal, while the characteristics of the trees are clear. The Fossil Forest has been proclaimed as a Preservable Monument of Nature and visitors are free to visit the greater part of it.

 
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